Lesson 5: The End of Reconstruction
Time Estimated: 1 day
- Understand the reasons that Reconstruction ended
- Explain the Amnesty Act and the Compromise of 1877
- Understand how the progress made during Reconstruction was reversed by Jim Crow laws, voting restrictions, and Plessy v. Ferguson.
- Understand how Reconstruction ended by examining an exhibit about events that brought Reconstruction to an end
- Walking Tour exhibits: Print out materials related to walking tour topics and attach to poster paper. Sample sets of materials included: Jim Crow, Plessy v. Ferguson
- Questions to answer during Walking Tour (see below)
- Images for wrap-up activity: Greensboro Lunch Counter Sit-In http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/odyssey/archive/09/0909001r.jpg
March on Washington http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/odyssey/archive/09/0913001r.jpg
School Desegregation, Little Rock http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/brown/images/br0130bs.jpg
- Walking Tour: Students will visit exhibits around the classroom. Each exhibit will give information about an event that brought Reconstruction to an end or a new law passed after Reconstruction ended. Sites on the walking tour will include: the Amnesty Act, the Compromise of 1877, Jim Crow, Plessy v. Ferguson, and voting restrictions. Each chart will have pictures and written information about the event. As students visit each section of the walking tour, they will answer these questions:
- What was the event/item?
- How did it change life for African Americans?
- How did it contribute to the end of Reconstruction?
In this lesson, students complete a Walking Tour in which they gather information by looking at displays. The questions for this are differentiated, starting with simple fact-gathering questions, and moving up the taxonomy to interpreting information and making connections with other ideas.