On July 1, 1991, President George Bush nominated Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court. In his short nomination speech, he emphasized:

A)That Thomas would follow in Thurgood Marshall's footsteps.

B)Clarence Thomas's modest upbringing in Pinpoint, Georgia, conservative Catholic schooling, and rapid rise in government appointments as part of his qualifications to be Supreme Court Justice.

C)How Thomas, if confirmed, would preserve the ideals of American democracy and support the platform of the Republican Party.


Opposition to President Bush's nomination of Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court centered around what issue(s)?

A)Concern about his conservative views on Affirmative Action.

B)Concern about his potential willingness to restrict women's reproductive rights.

C)Concern about his relative inexperience as a Federal Judge.


On September 12, 1991, Clarence Thomas faced questions about his stance on abortion and the Roe v. Wade decision from Senator Kohl, a member of the Senate Judiciary Committee. In this exchange, Thomas stated that:

A)He opposed the Roe v. Wade decision and he believed that women should not have the right to a legal abortion.

B)He supported the Roe v. Wade decision and women's reproductive rights in general.

C)He claimed that he had never formed an opinion about reproductive rights--in his personal or professional life--and that he had also never discussed the issue with anyone.


When questioned by Senator Kohl about his personal experiences as a black man in America and the role of Affirmative Action in his career success, Clarence Thomas claimed that:

A)Incorrect. Thomas never claimed to be naive about racism in America.

B)He had benefited from Affirmative Action programs and also thought that they had assisted him in getting his nomination to the Supreme Court.

C)He understood that racism exists in America, but believed that he was nominated based on merit not because of his race.


Clarence Thomas's confirmation moved to a vote on the Senate floor because:

A)The House of Representatives had already agreed to confirm him.

B)Anita Hill came forward with her claims of sexual harassment.

C)The Senate Judiciary Committee split its vote seven to seven and could not come to the Senate floor with a clear recommendation for confirmation.


When Anita Hill first came before the Senate floor, many observers were struck by:

A)How different her upbringing was from Clarence Thomas. She was raised in an upper-class family in Chicago and represented how privileged African-Americans can succeed.

B)How untrustworthy she seemed as she recounted her sensational testimony.

C)How disturbing Hill's testimony was.


When the Senators questioned Anita Hill about her relationship with Clarence Thomas, they were puzzled by her willingness to continue to work with him after he began his alleged sexual advances. Hill claimed that she continued to work with him because:

A)She saw that, in spite of his inappropriate personal behavior, he was an excellent role model professionally.

B)She was ambivalent about her personal feelings for him and was debating the possibility of pursuing a romantic relationship with him.

C)She decided to continue working with Thomas because she enjoyed the work that she did independent of him; she had limited job opportunities elsewhere; and his sexual advances seemed to have ended.


Explaining her decision to come forward about Thomas's behavior, Hill claimed:

A)That she had been planning to come forward for years.

B)Her decision was based on her desire to become an advocate in the fight against sexual harassment in the workplace.

C)She only came forward when the Senate began investigating Thomas as a part of the confirmation process.


For most African Americans, the Clarence Thomas-Anita Hill controversy was:

A)Clear cut: Thomas should be confirmed for the betterment of the race. It was more important to have another African-American on the Supreme Court than any other issue.

B)Unclear--most blacks could not come to any agreement on the case because individual perspectives differed so widely.

C)Distorted by the mass media.


The long-term effects of the Thomas-Hill controversy include:

A)A more judicious and fair confirmation process.

B)The mass media has learned that restraint is important when reporting sensational stories.

C)Women gained considerably more political representation in Congress.


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