"An Interview Between the Colored Ministers and Church Officers at Savannah with the Secretary of War and Major-Gen Sherman" (January 12, 1965).

The following excerpts are taken from the testimony by Freedmen leaders to General Sherman as quoted in The New York Tribune, April 1, 1865.

Third: State in what manner you think you can take care of yourselves, and how can you best assist the Government in maintaining your freedom.

Answer: The way we can best take care of ourselves is to have land, and turn it and till it by our own labor...we can soon maintain ourselves and have something to spare...We want to be placed on land until we are able to buy it and make it our own.

Fourth: State in what manner you would rather live--whether scattered among the whites or in colonies by yourselves.

Answer. I would prefer to live by ourselves. There is a prejudice against us in the South that will take years to get over; but I do not know that I can answer for my brethren. [Mr. Lynch says he thinks they should not be separated, but live together. All the other persons present, being questioned one by one, answer that they agree with Bro. Frazier.]

Fifth: Do you think that there is intelligence enough among the slaves of the South to maintain themselves under the Government of the United States and the equal protection of its laws, and maintain good and peaceable relations among yourselves and with your neighbors?

Answer. I think there is sufficient intelligence among us to do so.

Source: The New York Tribune, February 13, 1865.

African Americans argue for land
Francis Cardozo
Frederick Douglass
Louisiana Freedmen
Melton Linton
The National Freedmen
Baley Wyat
Sea Islanders

History 122

HIST 122 Syllabus


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