Earley, Charity Adams.One Woman's Army: A Black Officer Remembers
the WAC. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas,
another generation young black women who join the military will
have scant record of their predecessors who fought on the two fronts
of discriminationsegregation and the reluctant acceptance
by males, wrote Charity Adams Earley. Earley served in the
Women's Army Corps (WAC) from 1942-1946, leaving as a lieutenant
colonelthe highest rank awarded women of that era below that
of WAC directorto complete graduate school. Earley was the
first black woman commissioned as a WAC officer and she commanded
the only organization of black women to serve overseas the
6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion. Her autobiography tells
the story of how she commanded the group as it travelled throughout
Europe and how she boycotted segregated recreational facilities
and handled the racist slurs of her commanding general.
Mangerich, Agnes Jensen as told to Evelyn M. Monahan
and Rosemary L. Neidel. Albanian Escape: the True Story of U.S.
Army Nurses Behind Enemy Lines. The University Press of Kentucky,
Lexington, Kentucky, 1999.
in bad weather, we crash-landed in German-occupied Albania, where
we were hidden, led, and fed by Albanian partisans for sixty-two
days, narrates Mangerich. Mangerich kept a diary on three
tiny pieces of paper of her flight to safety with her fellow-nurses,
the team of medics and the flight crew. Albanian guerrillas led
the group for 800 miles over Albania's highest mountain through
winter blizzards, hunted by Nazis and strafed by enemy Messerschmitts.
Verbatim military reports from the allied rescue team, reports from
radio communications in Italy and military memoranda supplement
the suspenseful rescue story.
Merryman, Molly. Clipped Wings: The Rise and Fall
of the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) of World War II. New
York University Press, New York and London, 1998.
courage and adventures of the WASPs have captured public attention,
yet the only all-woman group of pilots during World War II were
never members of the military, but civilian volunteers who were
denied veteran status until 1977. Merryman offers a gendered history
of the WASPs and their fight for veteran's status and recognitiona
battle hindered because the achievements of the WASPs challenged
assumptions of of male supremacy in wartime culture. The author
examines how cultural and political attitudes toward women in war
ultimately informed the decision to disband the WASPs before the
war had even ended, despite public and private battles for their
survival. After the program terminated, its founder, Jacqueline
Cochran, prophecied that the women's flying program will go
down in history and will mean more to aviation than anyone realizes.