Peopling the American Past header graphic

 

Online Primary Sources

     Advertising
     Film
     Letters and Diaries
     Maps
     Music
     Oral History
     Photography
     Quantitative History
Colonial America and Early Republic
Civil War and Reconstruction
Race in America



Advertising

The Living Room Candidate: A History of Presidential Campaign Commercials, 1952-2000, American Museum of the Moving Image.
http://www.ammi.org/livingroomcandidate/
This site offers 183 television commercials used since 1952 to sell presidential candidates to the American public and an annotated guide to twenty-one websites created for the 1996 and 2000 elections. Ads from each election are accessible by year as well as by common themes and strategies used over the years, such as ‘Looking Presidential,’ ‘Attack Ads,’ ‘Family Man,’ and ‘Real People.’ Essays (200-400 words) analyze ad strategies of the major party candidates for each election; and a program guide (1,000-words)for high school students presents a history of the usage of TV commercials in campaigns. Valuable for students of American political history, consumer culture, and advertising history.

Ad*Access, Duke University Digital Scriptorium
http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/adaccess/
This easily navigated site presents images and database information for more than 7,000 advertisements printed primarily in the United States from 1911 to 1955. It is an excellent archive of primary documents for students of consumer and popular culture.


Film

Theodore Roosevelt: His Life and Times on Film, American Memory, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/trfhtml/trfhome.html
Theodore Roosevelt was the first president to have his life chronicled through extensive use of film. This site offers 104 films depicting events in Roosevelt’s life, from the Spanish-American War in 1898 to his death in 1919. This site is a good resource for learning about Theodore Roosevelt and early film.

The American Variety Stage, 1870-1920, American Memory, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/vshtml/vshome.html
This collection documents the development of vaudeville and other popular entertainment from the 1870s to the 1920s. It includes 334 English- and Yiddish-language play scripts, 146 theater programs and playbills, sixty-one motion pictures, and ten sound recordings. This site also features 143 photos and twenty-nine memorabilia items documenting the life of Harry Houdini.

Letters and Diaries

George Washington Papers, 1741-1799, American Memory, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gwhtml/
This collection of approximately 65,000 documents written by or to George Washington includes correspondence, letterbooks, diaries, journals, account books, military records, reports, and notes written from 1741 through 1799. Because of the wide range of Washington’s interests and correspondents, including ordinary citizens, his papers are a rich source for studying almost every aspect of colonial and early American history.

African-American Women, The Digital Scriptorium, Duke University
http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/collections/african-american-women.html
Writings of three African-American women of the 19th century are offered in this site. It features scanned images and transcriptions of an eighty-five-page memoir by Elizabeth Johnson Harris (1867-1923), a Georgia women whose parents had been slaves; a 565-word letter written in 1857 by a North Carolinian slave named Vilet Lester; and four letters written between 1837 and 1838 by Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson, slaves on a Virginia plantation. The documents are accompanied by three background essays, six photographs, a bibliography of seven titles on American slave women, and eight links to additional resources. Documents offer insight into the lives of women living under slavery and during its aftermath in the South.

Maps

Panoramic Maps, 1847-1929, American Memory, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/pmhtml/panhome.html


This site presents more than 1,000 original panoramic maps, a popular cartographic form during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The maps cover the contiguous forty-eight states and four Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec from 1847 to 1929. Viewers can zoom in to find artists’ renderings of individual streets, buildings, and landscapes. An excellent resource for studying urbanization, cities, growth, and mapmaking.

David Rumsey Historical Map Collection, Cartography Associates
http://www.davidrumsey.com/
This site consists of more than 4,400 historical maps of North and South America. Most of the maps were made in the 18th and 19th centuries; many are notable for their craftsmanship. Searchable by country, state, publication author, keyword, date, title, event, subject, and name of engraver or printer. This site vividly conveys how certain locations have changed over time.

Music

Blues, Gospel, and the Fort Valley Music Festivals, 1938-1943, American Memory, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ftvhtml/ftvhome.html
This site is a collection of 104 sound recordings from annual folk festivals held at Fort Valley State College, an African-American teaching college in central Georgia. It also provides sixty-three items of written documentation about the festival and the recording project. The collection is an extraordinary record of non-commercial American music and musical styles.

Max Hunter Folk Song Collection, Southwest Missouri State University
http://www.smsu.edu/folksong/maxhunter/
This site is a collection of audio files and song transcriptions of more than 1,000 songs recorded in the Ozark Mountains of Missouri and Arkansas between 1956 and 1976. Lyrics for all songs are included; some also have musical notations, names of singers, and location and date of the recording. No information is offered for composer or lyricist. Users may browse singers and song titles or search titles using keywords.

Oral History

Studs Terkel: Conversations With America, Chicago Historical Society
http://www.studsterkel.org/index.html
This site was created in honor of Studs Terkel, noted oral historian, radio host, and Pulitzer Prize-winning author. An educational section helps students and teachers use oral history in the classroom. This site offers a rich history of many influential, as well as lesser-known, personalities living in the second half of the 20th century, and is beneficial to anyone interested in the Great Depression, World War II, race relations, and labor issues.


Oral History Online! Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/ROHO/ohonline/
Oral History Online has full-text transcripts of more than fifty-five searchable interviews. Current offerings include “The University History Series” focusing on the Free Speech Movement, “The Suffragists Oral History Project,” and interviews regarding the medical response to the AIDS epidemic in San Francisco, 1981-1984. The site also contains “Oral History Tips” and guides to “Conducting an Oral History” and “Oral History Interviewing.”

Photography

Touring Turn-of-the-Century America: Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company, 1880-1920, American Memory, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/detroit/dethome.html
The Detroit Publishing Company mass produced photographic images--especially color postcards, prints, and albums--for the American market from the late 1890s to 1924. This collection of more than 25,000 glass negatives and transparencies and about 300 color photolithographs also includes images taken prior to the company’s formation by landscape photographer William Henry Jackson, who became the company’s president in 1898. Although many images were taken in eastern locations, other areas of the U.S., the Americas, and Europe are represented. The collection specializes in views of buildings, streets, colleges, universities, natural landmarks, resorts, and copies of paintings. More than 300 photographs were taken in Cuba during the Spanish-American War. About 900 Mammoth Plate Photographs include views of Hopi peoples and their crafts and landscapes along several railroad lines in the 1880s and 1890s.

Florida State Archives Photographic Collection, Joan Morris, Florida State Archive
http://www.floridamemory.com/PhotographicCollection/
More than 100,000 photographs, many focusing on specific localities from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, are available on this website. Materials include collections on agriculture, the Seminole Indians, state political leaders, Jewish life, family life, postcards, and tourism.

 

Quantitative History

Centennial Celebration, Bureau of the Census
http://www.census.gov/mso/www/centennial/index.html
This site provides a wealth of statistical information on the U.S. population. While most materials offer recent data, more than thirty comprehensive reports and tables track decade-by-decade demographic shifts, including urban and rural population change, population of the largest one hundred cities, population density, and homeownership rates.

Dynamics of Idealism: Volunteers for Civil Rights, 1965-1982, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison
http://dpls.dacc.wisc.edu/Idealism/index.html
Provides documentation collected for a study of the attitudes, backgrounds, goals, and experiences of volunteers participating in a 1965 Southern Christian Leadership Conference voter registration effort. Includes questionnaires submitted prior to and following the project, as well as a follow-up survey conducted in 1982. Participants were queried as to reasons they volunteered, what they expected, their attitudes regarding race and politics, and subsequent attitudes regarding civil rights, violence, and social change. This information is valuable for those studying the civil rights movement and sociological aspects of American reformers.

Colonial America and Early Republic

Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, Gilder Lehrman Institute
http://www.gliah.uh.edu/index.cfm
This site provides multimedia resources and links for teaching American history, focusing on slavery, ethnic history, private life, technology, and film. The site offers a full U.S. history textbook and more than 1,500 searchable and briefly annotated links to American history-related sites, including 150 links to Supreme Court decisions and 330 links to historic speeches.

Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy, 1718-1820 , UNC, Chapel Hill

http://www.ibiblio.org/laslave/
This site provides detailed data on more than 100,000 slaves and free blacks in Louisiana from 1718 to 1820. Users can search by name of slave, master’s name, gender, epoch, racial designation, plantation location, and place of origin. Information was compiled from documents created when slaves arrived by ship, were bought and sold, reported as runaways, testified in court cases, manumitted, and at the death of masters.



Hypertext on American History, University Groningen (Netherlands)
http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/usa.htm
This site provides more than 3,000 documents pertaining to United States history, primarily from the colonial period to the end of the 19th century. Though this site provides no contextualization, it is very useful for locating important documents.

Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873, American Memory, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lawhome.html
This site offers records and acts of Congress from the Journals of the Continental Congress through The Congressional Globe, which ceased publication with the 42nd Congress in 1873. An excellent resource for antebellum and reconstruction politics.

Do History—Martha Ballard’s Diary Online, Film Study Center, Harvard University
http://dohistory.org/
This experimental, interactive case study explores the remarkable 18th-century diary of midwife Martha Ballard, including two versions of the 1400-page diary, facsimile and transcribed full-text; more than 300 documents, interactive exercises, and teaching resources.

Drafting the Documents of Independence, Library of Congress
http://lcweb.loc.gov/exhibits/declara/declara1.html
Eight documents and prints relating to the Declaration of Independence are presented on this site, including a fragment of the earliest known draft and Thomas Jefferson’s “original rough draught” with changes by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and others. This site is well-organized and successfully tracks the Declaration’s development and effect.

The Hartford Black History Project, Hartford Black History Project
http://www.hartford-hwp.com/HBHP/index.html
Two exhibits on black history in Hartford, Connecticut. “A Struggle from the Start” charts stages in the life of the Hartford African-American community from 1638 to 1920, including slavery, black codes, free blacks, black governors, and black community institutions. A second exhibit presents approximately eighty photographs from Hartford’s African-American community covering the years 1870 to the 1970s.

Campaign Atlases, United States Military Academy
http://www.dean.usma.edu/history/dhistorymaps/MapsHome.htm
Visitors will find more than 400 color maps of military campaigns from American colonial wars to U.S. involvement in Somalia in 1992-1993. Most maps are of conflicts in which the U.S. played a role. Maps are indexed by war and may be enlarged. The site is easy to navigate although maps are large and can be slow to download.

United States Historical Census Data Browser, University of Virginia Library
http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/census/
This site provides data gathered from census records and other government sources for a study entitled “Historical Demographic, Economic, and Social Data: The United States, 1790-1970.” For each decade, users can browse extensive population- and economic-oriented statistical information at state and county levels, arranged according to a variety of categories, including place of birth, age, gender, marital status, race, ethnicity and education.

A Brush With History: Paintings from the National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian
http://www.npg.si.edu/exh/brush/index1.htm
The National Portrait Gallery is closed for renovation, but visitors to this site can view seventy-six portraits of prominent Americans drawn from the Gallery’s collections. Paintings are arranged in chronological order, from the 1720s to the 1990s. Featured artists include famous 18th and 19th century portraitists Gilbert Stuart and John Singer Sargent, as well as more abstract 20th century artists like Marguerite Zorath. A brief biography accompanies each portrait, along with the artist’s name (if known), the year painted, the medium, and acquisition information.




Thomas Jefferson Digital Archive, University of Virginia
http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/jefferson/
Provides more than 1,700 texts—correspondence, books, addresses, and a variety of public papers—written by or to Thomas Jefferson. The site also includes a biography of Jefferson written in 1834, eight years after his death. The Jeffersonian Cyclopedia, published in 1900, organizes more than 9,000 quotes according to theme and other categories. A collection of 2,700 excerpts from Jefferson’s writings present his political philosophy.

Virginia Runaways Project, University of Virginia
http://www.wise.virginia.edu/history/runaways/
Provides full transcriptions and images of more than 2,200 newspaper advertisements regarding runaway slaves, mostly from the Williamsburg Virginia Gazette, between 1736 and 1776. Includes ads placed by owners and overseers for runaways as well as ads for captured runaway or suspected runaway slaves placed by sheriffs and other governmental officials. In addition, the site’s creators have included ads for runaway servants and sailors as well as military deserters. Searchable by any words appearing in ads. Additional material includes three K-12 teaching guides using the ads.


Civil War and Reconstruction

The African American Odyssey, American Memory, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aointro.html
More than 240 items dealing with African-American history, including books, government documents, manuscripts, maps, musical scores, plays, films, and recordings. The site is organized into nine chronological periods, including slavery, the Civil War and Reconstruction; the black exodus, the “Booker T. Washington era” of progress, World War I, the Depression and World War II; and Civil Rights. It is a well-written guide for exploring African-American history.

Slaves and the Courts, 1740-1860, American Memory, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/sthtml/sthome.html
Provides published materials on legal aspects of slavery. Most of the pamphlets and books pertain to American cases in the 19th century. Includes documents on the slave trade, slave codes, the Fugitive Slave Law, and slave insurrections, and courtroom proceedings from famous trials such as the Amistad case, the Denmark Vesey conspiracy trial, and trials of noted abolitionists John Brown and William Lloyd Garrison.

Images of African Americans from the 19th Century, New York Public Library
http://digital.nypl.org/schomburg/images_aa19/
This site contains roughly 500 images depicting the social, political, and cultural worlds of African Americans. The site can be searched through 17 subject categories, such as family, labor, Civil War, slavery, social life and customs, and portraits. This site offers a keyword search and is ideal for researching African American and 19th century history.

Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers Project, 1936-1938, American Memory, Library of Congress
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/snhtml/snhome.html
A gold mine of information on the history of slavery from those who lived as slaves. This site has more than 2,300 first person accounts of slavery and 500 black and white photographs of former slaves. These narratives and photographs were collected as part of the 1930s Federal Writers Project of the Works Project Administration, and they were assembled and microfilmed in 1941 as the seventeen-volume Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves.

The Time of the Lincolns, PBS Online, WGBH, American Experience
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/lincolns/
This companion site to the six-hour documentary, Abraham and Mary Lincoln: A House Divided includes essays and videos addressing the antislavery movement, the Underground Railroad, defenses for slavery, “wage slavery” in the North, African-Americans in the North, developments in technology, women’s rights, and literary women. This site is comprehensive and exceptionally well-designed. A teacher’s guide is included.

The Lester S. Levy Collection of Sheet Music, Johns Hopkins University
http://levysheetmusic.mse.jhu.edu/index.html
Provides scanned images of more than 18,000 pieces of sheet music, especially 19th-century popular music, including songs related to military conflicts, presidents, romance, transportation, and the minstrel stage. Users may search for songs on hundreds of topics such as drinking, smoking, the circus, and death, or look for composers, song titles, or other catalog record data.

Making of America, University of Michigan
http://moa.umdl.umich.edu/
This site is a “digital library” of thousands of primary documents in American social history from the Antebellum period through Reconstruction. It offers more than three million pages of text from 10,000 volumes and 50,000 journal articles.

Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War, University of Virginia
http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/vshadow/
A massive, searchable archive of thousands of pages of maps, images, letters, diaries, newspapers, and church, agricultural, military, and public records—all relating to two communities, Staunton, Virginia, and Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, before, during, and after the Civil War.

Selected Civil War Photographs, Library of Congress, American Memory
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/cwphtml/cwphome.html
This collection offers 1,118 photographs depicting Civil War military personnel, preparations for battle, and the aftermath of battles in the main eastern theater and in the west, in addition to Federal Navy and Atlantic seaborne expeditions against the Confederacy. The presentation “Does the Camera Ever Lie” demonstrates the constructed nature of images.

HarpWeek: Explore History, John Adler
http://www.harpweek.com/
This collection of exhibits presents free access to a wealth of texts and images taken from Harper’s on a variety of subjects dealing with 19th-century American political and social history. “Presidential Elections” offers 320 annotated political cartoons. “Toward Racial Equality” presents approximately seventy cartoons, illustrations, and advertisements dealing with slavery, the Civil War, Reconstruction, and African-American culture and society.

Civil War Women, Digital Scriptorium, Duke University
http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/collections/civil-war-women.html
These Civil War-era documents relate to three American women of diverse backgrounds and political persuasions. These women are Rose OÍNeal Greenhow, a Confederate spy and Washington socialite; Sarah E. Thompson, who organized Union sympathizers near her home in Greenville, Tennessee; and sixteen-year-old Alice Williamson, a Gallatin, Tennessee, schoolgirl who kept a diary about the Union occupation of her town.

Eye of the Storm, Michael Johnson, Adam Stoltman, and Alan Dorow, Journal E
http://www.musarium.com/eyeofthestorm/index.html
Presents more than 500 watercolor drawings and maps by Union Army Private Knox Sneden, depicting battle scenes, camp life, and maps. Four presentations depict particular incidents Sneden witnessed.



A Civil War Soldier in the Wild Cat Regiment: Selections From the Tilton C. Reynolds Papers,
American Memory, Library of Congress
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/tcrhtml/
This collection offers a unique perspective on the lives of a Union soldier and his family. The selected letters lend insight into the wartime dynamics of the Reynolds family, and their words reveal how family members in Reynolds’ regiment looked after him, announced his capture, and gave advice. The letters also describe the daily life of a Union soldier, touching on such topics as food, clothing, shelter, health, and punishment. Soldiers’ feelings, views on slavery and the election of 1864, as well as Reynolds’ account of seeing President and Mrs. Lincoln can all be found in this collection. The site also features two Special Presentations: “Timeline: History of the 105th Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-1865” and one on the Reynolds family.

Race in America

Africans in America, PBS Online
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/
Created as a companion to the PBS series Africans in America, this site traces the history of Africans in America in four sections from 1450 to 1865. Each section begins with a 1500-word narrative and the site offers more than 200 primary documents, 75 images and maps, and 153 brief (150-word) descriptions by historians of specific aspects of the history of slavery, servitude, abolition, and war in America. There are teacher guides for elementary and secondary students and college survey teachers will find it particularly useful for providing anecdotes for lectures and material for discussion. This site is ideal for researching and teaching African American history up to the Civil War.

Uncle Tom’s Cabin and American Culture, Stephen Railton, University of Virginia
http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/utc/
This well-designed site explores Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin “as an American cultural phenomenon.” It provides dozens of texts, songs, and images from the various genres Stowe drew upon, Stowe’s preface, multiple versions of the text, playable songs from the novel, Stowe’s defense against criticism, 12 reviews, more than 100 articles and notes, 20 responses from African Americans, dozens of pro-slavery responses, children’s books, songs, games, and theatrical versions. Three interpretive exhibits (with more in development) challenge students to explore how slavery and race were defined and redefined as well as how the character of Topsy was created and re-created, assuming a range of political and social meanings. Excellent for teachers and students.

African American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A. P. Murray Collection, 1818–1907, American Memory, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aap/aaphome.html
This site presents approximately 350 African American pamphlets and documents, most of them produced between 1875 and 1900. These works provide “a panoramic and eclectic review of African American history and culture” in a number of forms, including sermons, organization reports, college catalogs, graduation orations, slave narratives, Congressional speeches, poetry, and playscripts. Information about publication and a short description (75 words) of content accompanies each pamphlet. The site also offers a timeline of African American history from 1852 to 1925 and reproductions of original documents and illustrations. A rich resource for studying 19th- and early 20th-century African American leaders and representatives of African American religious, civic, and social organizations.

African American Sheet Music, 1850–1920, American Memory and Brown University
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award97/rpbhtml/aasmhome.html
This collection presents 1,300 pieces of sheet music composed by and about African Americans, ranging chronologically from antebellum minstrel shows to early 20th-century African American musical comedies. A “Special Presentation: The Development of an African American Musical Theatre, 1865–1910” provides a chronological overview that allows users to explore “the emergence of African American performers and musical troupes, first in blackface minstrelsy, and later at the beginnings of the African American musical stage in the late 1890s.” In addition, sheet music can be studied to examine racial depictions, both visually on sheet music covers and in lyrics. Includes a useful 80-title bibliography and 15-title discography. Much of the material is disturbing due to its heavy dependence on racial caricatures; however, students can gain insight into racial attitudes through an informed use of this site.

Without Sanctuary: Photographs and Postcards of Lynching in America, James Allen
http://www.musarium.com/withoutsanctuary/
This website is a companion to the book Without Sanctuary and to a former exhibition at the New York Historical Society dealing with a collection of chilling photographs and postcards taken at lynchings throughout America, primarily from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The exhibit can be experienced through a flash movie, with narrative comments by collector James Allen, or as a gallery of approximately 100 photographs with brief captions. Most images also have links to more extensive, 150-word descriptions of the circumstances behind that particular situation. Important note: These images are very disturbing and may not be appropriate for younger students. This would, however, be an excellent resource for more advanced students and teaching about racism.

Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia, Dr. David Pilgrim, Ferris State University
http://www.ferris.edu/news/jimcrow/menu.htm
Envisioned as an educational resource for scholars and students, this site contains most of the approximately 4,000 images of the museum’s collection, including sheet music, ashtrays, children’s book covers, salt and pepper shakers, postcards, dolls, and matchbooks. There are eleven scholarly essays providing historical context for the anti-black caricatures that offer extensive footnotes with primary, secondary, and online sources. The exhibit includes a radio interview with Dr. Pilgrim, along with links to 13 scholarly essays and relevant newspaper articles. The site will be of special interest to those researching the history of racist memorabilia.

Famous American Trials: “The Scottsboro Boys” Trials 1931–1937, Douglas Linder, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law
http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/scottsboro/scottsb.htm
This collection provides documents, photographs, essays, and information about the controversial trials of nine African American youths for allegedly raping two white women on a train in the Depression South. There are 20 excerpts from the trials; 22 contemporary news articles; 10 appellate court decisions; eight letters; 28 photographs; 16 quotes from participants and others commenting on the trials; a political cartoon; and a postcard. Also offers two essays by Linder (6,000 and 18,000 words); 20 biographies ranging from 100 to 1,000 words each; and a bibliography of 30 entries, including five links to related sites. Valuable for studying American race and gender history, the South, legal history, and Depression America.


The History of Jim Crow, New York Life Insurance
http://www.jimcrowhistory.org/
This site was produced as an online companion to The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow, a four-part television series that tells the story of the African American struggle for freedom during the era of segregation. The site offers six historical essays (5,000 to 7,000 words each), and five themed essays focusing on creating, surviving, resisting, escaping, and transcending Jim Crow oppression from the late-19th-century to the Civil Rights movement. There are shorter essays on topics such as Jackie Robinson and the lynching of Emmett Till. There are ten interactive maps that give “a multi-layered look at the impact of Jim Crow on the social and political landscape of the nation.” The site also offers more than 25 lesson plans, a book list, an interactive encyclopedia, historical photographs, and first hand narratives from people who experienced life under Jim Crow. This well organized and wonderfully equipped site is an invaluable resource for history and literature educators.

Conscience and the Constitution, Frank Abe, Public Broadcasting System
http://www.pbs.org/itvs/conscience/index.html
A companion to the PBS broadcast Conscience and the Constitution, this site examines the refusal of a handful of young Japanese American men to be drafted until the American government restored their rights of citizenship and released their families from “relocation” camps. The site gives brief (350-word) biographies of the 16 main characters, a timeline, a 750-word history of the compliant Japanese American Citizens League, the aftermath of the resistance, conflicting opinions among Japanese Americans, an 18-work bibliography of poetry, novels, and scholarly works, and 2 lesson plans. There are 15 video and three audio clips, more than 20 photographs, and more than 60 documents, including letters, court testimony, and government reports. This rich site is ideal for studying the history of race and the history of civil disobedience in the United States.

Ansel Adams’s Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar, American Memory, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aamhtml/aamhome.html
Photographer Ansel Adams documented the lives of Japanese Americans at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California with portraits of daily life, including agriculture and leisure. This site presents 242 original negatives and 209 photographic prints, which are often presented together to show Adams’s developing and cropping techniques. This website also offers a digital version of Adams’s 112-page book on Manzanar, published in 1944, Born Free and Equal. Valuable for studying the World War II homefront, discrimination, Asian Americans, and photography.

By Popular Demand: Jackie Robinson and Other Baseball Highlights, 1860s-1960s, American Memory, Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/jrhtml/jrhome.html
This site presents hundreds of primary materials relating to baseball in America, including letters, manuscripts, trading cards, lobby cards, newspaper images, photographs, advertisements, sheet music, and transcripts of interviews, speeches, and television broadcasts. There are two presentations of material from the collection, “Baseball, the Color Line, and Jackie Robinson, 1860s-1960s” and “Early Baseball Pictures.” The site also includes an annotated bibliography comprised of 82 titles and a list of six links to related resources. This site provides an introductory look at Jackie Robinson’s life and the topic of race in American sports history.

Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers Project, Stanford University
http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/
The site contains approximately 400 digitized speeches, sermons, and other writings covering the period from 1929 to 1958, as well as 16 chapters of materials published by the Project in 1998 as The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. The site also provides an interactive chronology of King’s life; a 1,000-word biographical essay; 23 audio files of recorded speeches and sermons; 12 articles on King; 32 photographs; and 11 links to other resources. This site is useful for studying the development of King’s views and discourse on civil rights, race relations, non-violence, education, peace, the war in Vietnam, and other political, religious, and philosophical topics.

Central High Crisis: Little Rock, 1957, Little Rock Newspapers, Inc.
http://www.ardemgaz.com/prev/central/
The site includes multiple news articles and editorials from each day of the month-long crisis and 16 photographs. Historical memory is addressed by the inclusion of material on the 40th anniversary of the crisis in 1997 including: 13 op-ed pieces, speeches by Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee and President Bill Clinton, an interview with President Clinton, and a 1991 defense by Governor Faubus of his actions. The site also provides 19 related newspaper articles written since 1997, timelines of events leading up to the confrontation and ramifications since, and a “Who’s Who” of participants. This site will be valuable to students and teachers of the civil rights movement, the South, mid-20th century politics, and the workings of historical memory.

Through Our Parent’s Eyes: Tucson’s Diverse Community, University of Arizona Libraries and Pima Community College Libraries
http://www.library.arizona.edu/parents/currentexhibits.html
This site looks at the Hispanic, Native American, African American, Chinese, and Jewish heritage of Tucson, Arizona. Essays, family histories, photographs of traditional culture, oral histories, short biographies, and video clips make this site useful for research on ethnicity and the history of the west.

 
Agenda | Activity #1 | Activity #2 | Activity #3 | Activity #4 | Links