Online Primary Sources
Colonial America and Early Republic
War and Reconstruction
Race in America
The Living Room Candidate: A History of Presidential
Campaign Commercials, 1952-2000, American Museum of the Moving Image.
This site offers 183 television commercials used since 1952 to sell
presidential candidates to the American public and an annotated guide
to twenty-one websites created for the 1996 and 2000 elections. Ads
from each election are accessible by year as well as by common themes
and strategies used over the years, such as Looking Presidential,
Attack Ads, Family Man, and Real People.
Essays (200-400 words) analyze ad strategies of the major party candidates
for each election; and a program guide (1,000-words)for high school
students presents a history of the usage of TV commercials in campaigns.
Valuable for students of American political history, consumer culture,
and advertising history.
Ad*Access, Duke University
This easily navigated site presents images and database information
for more than 7,000 advertisements printed primarily in the United States
from 1911 to 1955. It is an excellent archive of primary documents for
students of consumer and popular culture.
Theodore Roosevelt: His Life and Times on Film,
American Memory, Library of Congress
Theodore Roosevelt was the first president to have his life chronicled
through extensive use of film. This site offers 104 films depicting
events in Roosevelts life, from the Spanish-American War in 1898
to his death in 1919. This site is a good resource for learning about
Theodore Roosevelt and early film.
The American Variety Stage, 1870-1920, American
Memory, Library of Congress
This collection documents the development of vaudeville and other popular
entertainment from the 1870s to the 1920s. It includes 334 English-
and Yiddish-language play scripts, 146 theater programs and playbills,
sixty-one motion pictures, and ten sound recordings. This site also
features 143 photos and twenty-nine memorabilia items documenting the
life of Harry Houdini.
Letters and Diaries
George Washington Papers, 1741-1799, American
Memory, Library of Congress
This collection of approximately 65,000 documents written by or to George
Washington includes correspondence, letterbooks, diaries, journals,
account books, military records, reports, and notes written from 1741
through 1799. Because of the wide range of Washingtons interests
and correspondents, including ordinary citizens, his papers are a rich
source for studying almost every aspect of colonial and early American
African-American Women, The Digital Scriptorium,
Writings of three African-American women of the 19th century are offered
in this site. It features scanned images and transcriptions of an eighty-five-page
memoir by Elizabeth Johnson Harris (1867-1923), a Georgia women whose
parents had been slaves; a 565-word letter written in 1857 by a North
Carolinian slave named Vilet Lester; and four letters written between
1837 and 1838 by Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson, slaves on a Virginia
plantation. The documents are accompanied by three background essays,
six photographs, a bibliography of seven titles on American slave women,
and eight links to additional resources. Documents offer insight into
the lives of women living under slavery and during its aftermath in
Panoramic Maps, 1847-1929, American Memory,
Library of Congress
This site presents more than 1,000 original panoramic maps, a popular
cartographic form during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The
maps cover the contiguous forty-eight states and four Canadian provinces
of British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec from 1847 to 1929.
Viewers can zoom in to find artists renderings of individual streets,
buildings, and landscapes. An excellent resource for studying urbanization,
cities, growth, and mapmaking.
David Rumsey Historical Map Collection,
This site consists of more than 4,400 historical maps of North and South
America. Most of the maps were made in the 18th and 19th centuries;
many are notable for their craftsmanship. Searchable by country, state,
publication author, keyword, date, title, event, subject, and name of
engraver or printer. This site vividly conveys how certain locations
have changed over time.
Blues, Gospel, and the Fort Valley Music Festivals,
1938-1943, American Memory, Library of Congress
This site is a collection of 104 sound recordings from annual folk festivals
held at Fort Valley State College, an African-American teaching college
in central Georgia. It also provides sixty-three items of written documentation
about the festival and the recording project. The collection is an extraordinary
record of non-commercial American music and musical styles.
Max Hunter Folk Song Collection, Southwest
Missouri State University
This site is a collection of audio files and song transcriptions of
more than 1,000 songs recorded in the Ozark Mountains of Missouri and
Arkansas between 1956 and 1976. Lyrics for all songs are included; some
also have musical notations, names of singers, and location and date
of the recording. No information is offered for composer or lyricist.
Users may browse singers and song titles or search titles using keywords.
Studs Terkel: Conversations With
America, Chicago Historical Society
This site was created in honor of Studs Terkel, noted oral historian,
radio host, and Pulitzer Prize-winning author. An educational section
helps students and teachers use oral history in the classroom. This
site offers a rich history of many influential, as well as lesser-known,
personalities living in the second half of the 20th century, and is
beneficial to anyone interested in the Great Depression, World War II,
race relations, and labor issues.
Oral History Online! Bancroft Library, University of California,
Oral History Online has full-text transcripts of more than fifty-five
searchable interviews. Current offerings include The University
History Series focusing on the Free Speech Movement, The
Suffragists Oral History Project, and interviews regarding the
medical response to the AIDS epidemic in San Francisco, 1981-1984. The
site also contains Oral History Tips and guides to Conducting
an Oral History and Oral History Interviewing.
America: Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company, 1880-1920,
American Memory, Library of Congress
The Detroit Publishing Company mass produced photographic images--especially
color postcards, prints, and albums--for the American market from the
late 1890s to 1924. This collection of more than 25,000 glass negatives
and transparencies and about 300 color photolithographs also includes
images taken prior to the company’s formation by landscape photographer
William Henry Jackson, who became the company’s president in 1898.
Although many images were taken in eastern locations, other areas of
the U.S., the Americas, and Europe are represented. The collection specializes
in views of buildings, streets, colleges, universities, natural landmarks,
resorts, and copies of paintings. More than 300 photographs were taken
in Cuba during the Spanish-American War. About 900 Mammoth Plate Photographs
include views of Hopi peoples and their crafts and landscapes along
several railroad lines in the 1880s and 1890s.
Florida State Archives Photographic
Collection, Joan Morris, Florida State Archive
More than 100,000 photographs, many focusing on specific localities
from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, are available on this
website. Materials include collections on agriculture, the Seminole
Indians, state political leaders, Jewish life, family life, postcards,
Centennial Celebration, Bureau
of the Census
This site provides a wealth of statistical information on the U.S. population.
While most materials offer recent data, more than thirty comprehensive
reports and tables track decade-by-decade demographic shifts, including
urban and rural population change, population of the largest one hundred
cities, population density, and homeownership rates.
Dynamics of Idealism: Volunteers
for Civil Rights, 1965-1982, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison
Provides documentation collected for a study of the attitudes, backgrounds,
goals, and experiences of volunteers participating in a 1965 Southern
Christian Leadership Conference voter registration effort. Includes
questionnaires submitted prior to and following the project, as well
as a follow-up survey conducted in 1982. Participants were queried as
to reasons they volunteered, what they expected, their attitudes regarding
race and politics, and subsequent attitudes regarding civil rights,
violence, and social change. This information is valuable for those
studying the civil rights movement and sociological aspects of American
Colonial America and
Gilder Lehrman Institute of American
History, Gilder Lehrman Institute
This site provides multimedia resources and links for teaching American
history, focusing on slavery, ethnic history, private life, technology,
and film. The site offers a full U.S. history textbook and more than
1,500 searchable and briefly annotated links to American history-related
sites, including 150 links to Supreme Court decisions and 330 links
to historic speeches.
Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy,
1718-1820 , UNC, Chapel Hill
This site provides detailed data on more than 100,000 slaves and free
blacks in Louisiana from 1718 to 1820. Users can search by name of slave,
masters name, gender, epoch, racial designation, plantation location,
and place of origin. Information was compiled from documents created
when slaves arrived by ship, were bought and sold, reported as runaways,
testified in court cases, manumitted, and at the death of masters.
Hypertext on American History,
University Groningen (Netherlands)
This site provides more than 3,000 documents pertaining to United States
history, primarily from the colonial period to the end of the 19th century.
Though this site provides no contextualization, it is very useful for
locating important documents.
Congressional Documents and Debates,
1774-1873, American Memory, Library of Congress
This site offers records and acts of Congress from the Journals of
the Continental Congress through The Congressional Globe,
which ceased publication with the 42nd Congress in 1873. An excellent
resource for antebellum and reconstruction politics.
Do HistoryMartha Ballards
Diary Online, Film Study Center, Harvard University
This experimental, interactive case study explores the remarkable 18th-century
diary of midwife Martha Ballard, including two versions of the 1400-page
diary, facsimile and transcribed full-text; more than 300 documents,
interactive exercises, and teaching resources.
Drafting the Documents of Independence,
Library of Congress
Eight documents and prints relating to the Declaration of Independence
are presented on this site, including a fragment of the earliest known
draft and Thomas Jeffersons original rough draught
with changes by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and others. This site
is well-organized and successfully tracks the Declarations development
The Hartford Black History Project,
Hartford Black History Project
Two exhibits on black history in Hartford, Connecticut. A Struggle
from the Start charts stages in the life of the Hartford African-American
community from 1638 to 1920, including slavery, black codes, free blacks,
black governors, and black community institutions. A second exhibit
presents approximately eighty photographs from Hartfords African-American
community covering the years 1870 to the 1970s.
Campaign Atlases, United States
Visitors will find more than 400 color maps of military campaigns from
American colonial wars to U.S. involvement in Somalia in 1992-1993.
Most maps are of conflicts in which the U.S. played a role. Maps are
indexed by war and may be enlarged. The site is easy to navigate although
maps are large and can be slow to download.
United States Historical Census Data
Browser, University of Virginia Library
This site provides data gathered from census records and other government
sources for a study entitled Historical Demographic, Economic,
and Social Data: The United States, 1790-1970. For each decade,
users can browse extensive population- and economic-oriented statistical
information at state and county levels, arranged according to a variety
of categories, including place of birth, age, gender, marital status,
race, ethnicity and education.
A Brush With History: Paintings from
the National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian
The National Portrait Gallery is closed for renovation, but visitors
to this site can view seventy-six portraits of prominent Americans drawn
from the Gallerys collections. Paintings are arranged in chronological
order, from the 1720s to the 1990s. Featured artists include famous
18th and 19th century portraitists Gilbert Stuart and John Singer Sargent,
as well as more abstract 20th century artists like Marguerite Zorath.
A brief biography accompanies each portrait, along with the artists
name (if known), the year painted, the medium, and acquisition information.
Thomas Jefferson Digital Archive, University of Virginia
Provides more than 1,700 textscorrespondence, books, addresses,
and a variety of public paperswritten by or to Thomas Jefferson.
The site also includes a biography of Jefferson written in 1834, eight
years after his death. The Jeffersonian Cyclopedia, published in 1900,
organizes more than 9,000 quotes according to theme and other categories.
A collection of 2,700 excerpts from Jeffersons writings present
his political philosophy.
Virginia Runaways Project, University
Provides full transcriptions and images of more than 2,200 newspaper
advertisements regarding runaway slaves, mostly from the Williamsburg
Virginia Gazette, between 1736 and 1776. Includes ads placed by owners
and overseers for runaways as well as ads for captured runaway or suspected
runaway slaves placed by sheriffs and other governmental officials.
In addition, the sites creators have included ads for runaway
servants and sailors as well as military deserters. Searchable by any
words appearing in ads. Additional material includes three K-12 teaching
guides using the ads.
Civil War and Reconstruction
The African American Odyssey,
American Memory, Library of Congress
More than 240 items dealing with African-American history, including
books, government documents, manuscripts, maps, musical scores, plays,
films, and recordings. The site is organized into nine chronological
periods, including slavery, the Civil War and Reconstruction; the black
exodus, the Booker T. Washington era of progress, World
War I, the Depression and World War II; and Civil Rights. It is a well-written
guide for exploring African-American history.
Slaves and the Courts, 1740-1860,
American Memory, Library of Congress
Provides published materials on legal aspects of slavery. Most of the
pamphlets and books pertain to American cases in the 19th century. Includes
documents on the slave trade, slave codes, the Fugitive Slave Law, and
slave insurrections, and courtroom proceedings from famous trials such
as the Amistad case, the Denmark Vesey conspiracy trial, and trials
of noted abolitionists John Brown and William Lloyd Garrison.
Images of African Americans from
the 19th Century, New York Public Library
This site contains roughly 500 images depicting the social, political,
and cultural worlds of African Americans. The site can be searched through
17 subject categories, such as family, labor, Civil War, slavery, social
life and customs, and portraits. This site offers a keyword search and
is ideal for researching African American and 19th century history.
Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives
from the Federal Writers Project, 1936-1938, American Memory, Library
A gold mine of information on the history of slavery from those who
lived as slaves. This site has more than 2,300 first person accounts
of slavery and 500 black and white photographs of former slaves. These
narratives and photographs were collected as part of the 1930s Federal
Writers Project of the Works Project Administration, and they were assembled
and microfilmed in 1941 as the seventeen-volume Slave Narratives:
A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with
The Time of the Lincolns, PBS
Online, WGBH, American Experience
This companion site to the six-hour documentary, Abraham and Mary
Lincoln: A House Divided includes essays and videos addressing the
antislavery movement, the Underground Railroad, defenses for slavery,
wage slavery in the North, African-Americans in the North,
developments in technology, womens rights, and literary women.
This site is comprehensive and exceptionally well-designed. A teachers
guide is included.
The Lester S. Levy Collection of
Sheet Music, Johns Hopkins University
Provides scanned images of more than 18,000 pieces of sheet music, especially
19th-century popular music, including songs related to military conflicts,
presidents, romance, transportation, and the minstrel stage. Users may
search for songs on hundreds of topics such as drinking, smoking, the
circus, and death, or look for composers, song titles, or other catalog
Making of America, University
This site is a digital library of thousands of primary documents
in American social history from the Antebellum period through Reconstruction.
It offers more than three million pages of text from 10,000 volumes
and 50,000 journal articles.
Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities
in the American Civil War, University of Virginia
A massive, searchable archive of thousands of pages of maps, images,
letters, diaries, newspapers, and church, agricultural, military, and
public recordsall relating to two communities, Staunton, Virginia,
and Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, before, during, and after the Civil
Selected Civil War Photographs,
Library of Congress, American Memory
This collection offers 1,118 photographs depicting Civil War military
personnel, preparations for battle, and the aftermath of battles in
the main eastern theater and in the west, in addition to Federal Navy
and Atlantic seaborne expeditions against the Confederacy. The presentation
Does the Camera Ever Lie demonstrates the constructed nature
HarpWeek: Explore History, John
This collection of exhibits presents free access to a wealth of texts
and images taken from Harpers on a variety of subjects dealing
with 19th-century American political and social history. Presidential
Elections offers 320 annotated political cartoons. Toward
Racial Equality presents approximately seventy cartoons, illustrations,
and advertisements dealing with slavery, the Civil War, Reconstruction,
and African-American culture and society.
Civil War Women, Digital Scriptorium,
These Civil War-era documents relate to three American women of diverse
backgrounds and political persuasions. These women are Rose OÍNeal Greenhow,
a Confederate spy and Washington socialite; Sarah E. Thompson, who organized
Union sympathizers near her home in Greenville, Tennessee; and sixteen-year-old
Alice Williamson, a Gallatin, Tennessee, schoolgirl who kept a diary
about the Union occupation of her town.
Eye of the Storm, Michael Johnson,
Adam Stoltman, and Alan Dorow, Journal E
Presents more than 500 watercolor drawings and maps by Union Army Private
Knox Sneden, depicting battle scenes, camp life, and maps. Four presentations
depict particular incidents Sneden witnessed.
||A Civil War Soldier in the Wild Cat Regiment:
Selections From the Tilton C. Reynolds Papers,
American Memory, Library of Congress
This collection offers a unique perspective on the lives of a Union soldier
and his family. The selected letters lend insight into the wartime dynamics
of the Reynolds family, and their words reveal how family members in Reynolds’
regiment looked after him, announced his capture, and gave advice. The
letters also describe the daily life of a Union soldier, touching on such
topics as food, clothing, shelter, health, and punishment. Soldiers’
feelings, views on slavery and the election of 1864, as well as Reynolds’
account of seeing President and Mrs. Lincoln can all be found in this
collection. The site also features two Special Presentations: “Timeline:
History of the 105th Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-1865”
and one on the Reynolds family.
Race in America
Africans in America,
Created as a companion to the PBS series Africans in America, this site
traces the history of Africans in America in four sections from 1450
to 1865. Each section begins with a 1500-word narrative and the site
offers more than 200 primary documents, 75 images and maps, and 153
brief (150-word) descriptions by historians of specific aspects of the
history of slavery, servitude, abolition, and war in America. There
are teacher guides for elementary and secondary students and college
survey teachers will find it particularly useful for providing anecdotes
for lectures and material for discussion. This site is ideal for researching
and teaching African American history up to the Civil War.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin and
American Culture, Stephen Railton, University of Virginia
This well-designed site explores Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle
Tom’s Cabin “as an American cultural phenomenon.”
It provides dozens of texts, songs, and images from the various genres
Stowe drew upon, Stowe’s preface, multiple versions of the text,
playable songs from the novel, Stowe’s defense against criticism,
12 reviews, more than 100 articles and notes, 20 responses from African
Americans, dozens of pro-slavery responses, children’s books,
songs, games, and theatrical versions. Three interpretive exhibits (with
more in development) challenge students to explore how slavery and race
were defined and redefined as well as how the character of Topsy was
created and re-created, assuming a range of political and social meanings.
Excellent for teachers and students.
African American Perspectives:
Pamphlets from the Daniel A. P. Murray Collection, 1818–1907,
American Memory, Library of Congress
This site presents approximately 350 African American pamphlets and
documents, most of them produced between 1875 and 1900. These works
provide “a panoramic and eclectic review of African American history
and culture” in a number of forms, including sermons, organization
reports, college catalogs, graduation orations, slave narratives, Congressional
speeches, poetry, and playscripts. Information about publication and
a short description (75 words) of content accompanies each pamphlet.
The site also offers a timeline of African American history from 1852
to 1925 and reproductions of original documents and illustrations. A
rich resource for studying 19th- and early 20th-century African American
leaders and representatives of African American religious, civic, and
African American Sheet Music,
1850–1920, American Memory and Brown University
This collection presents 1,300 pieces of sheet music composed by and
about African Americans, ranging chronologically from antebellum minstrel
shows to early 20th-century African American musical comedies. A “Special
Presentation: The Development of an African American Musical Theatre,
1865–1910” provides a chronological overview that allows
users to explore “the emergence of African American performers
and musical troupes, first in blackface minstrelsy, and later at the
beginnings of the African American musical stage in the late 1890s.”
In addition, sheet music can be studied to examine racial depictions,
both visually on sheet music covers and in lyrics. Includes a useful
80-title bibliography and 15-title discography. Much of the material
is disturbing due to its heavy dependence on racial caricatures; however,
students can gain insight into racial attitudes through an informed
use of this site.
Without Sanctuary: Photographs
and Postcards of Lynching in America, James Allen
This website is a companion to the book Without Sanctuary and to a former
exhibition at the New York Historical Society dealing with a collection
of chilling photographs and postcards taken at lynchings throughout
America, primarily from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The
exhibit can be experienced through a flash movie, with narrative comments
by collector James Allen, or as a gallery of approximately 100 photographs
with brief captions. Most images also have links to more extensive,
150-word descriptions of the circumstances behind that particular situation.
Important note: These images are very disturbing and may not be appropriate
for younger students. This would, however, be an excellent resource
for more advanced students and teaching about racism.
Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia,
Dr. David Pilgrim, Ferris State University
Envisioned as an educational resource for scholars and students, this
site contains most of the approximately 4,000 images of the museum’s
collection, including sheet music, ashtrays, children’s book covers,
salt and pepper shakers, postcards, dolls, and matchbooks. There are
eleven scholarly essays providing historical context for the anti-black
caricatures that offer extensive footnotes with primary, secondary,
and online sources. The exhibit includes a radio interview with Dr.
Pilgrim, along with links to 13 scholarly essays and relevant newspaper
articles. The site will be of special interest to those researching
the history of racist memorabilia.
Famous American Trials: “The
Scottsboro Boys” Trials 1931–1937, Douglas Linder,
University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law
This collection provides documents, photographs, essays, and information
about the controversial trials of nine African American youths for allegedly
raping two white women on a train in the Depression South. There are
20 excerpts from the trials; 22 contemporary news articles; 10 appellate
court decisions; eight letters; 28 photographs; 16 quotes from participants
and others commenting on the trials; a political cartoon; and a postcard.
Also offers two essays by Linder (6,000 and 18,000 words); 20 biographies
ranging from 100 to 1,000 words each; and a bibliography of 30 entries,
including five links to related sites. Valuable for studying American
race and gender history, the South, legal history, and Depression America.
The History of Jim Crow, New York Life Insurance
This site was produced as an online companion to The Rise and Fall of
Jim Crow, a four-part television series that tells the story of the
African American struggle for freedom during the era of segregation.
The site offers six historical essays (5,000 to 7,000 words each), and
five themed essays focusing on creating, surviving, resisting, escaping,
and transcending Jim Crow oppression from the late-19th-century to the
Civil Rights movement. There are shorter essays on topics such as Jackie
Robinson and the lynching of Emmett Till. There are ten interactive
maps that give “a multi-layered look at the impact of Jim Crow
on the social and political landscape of the nation.” The site
also offers more than 25 lesson plans, a book list, an interactive encyclopedia,
historical photographs, and first hand narratives from people who experienced
life under Jim Crow. This well organized and wonderfully equipped site
is an invaluable resource for history and literature educators.
Conscience and the Constitution,
Frank Abe, Public Broadcasting System
A companion to the PBS broadcast Conscience and the Constitution, this
site examines the refusal of a handful of young Japanese American men
to be drafted until the American government restored their rights of
citizenship and released their families from “relocation”
camps. The site gives brief (350-word) biographies of the 16 main characters,
a timeline, a 750-word history of the compliant Japanese American Citizens
League, the aftermath of the resistance, conflicting opinions among
Japanese Americans, an 18-work bibliography of poetry, novels, and scholarly
works, and 2 lesson plans. There are 15 video and three audio clips,
more than 20 photographs, and more than 60 documents, including letters,
court testimony, and government reports. This rich site is ideal for
studying the history of race and the history of civil disobedience in
the United States.
Ansel Adams’s Photographs
of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar, American Memory,
Library of Congress
Photographer Ansel Adams documented the lives of Japanese Americans
at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California with portraits of
daily life, including agriculture and leisure. This site presents 242
original negatives and 209 photographic prints, which are often presented
together to show Adams’s developing and cropping techniques. This
website also offers a digital version of Adams’s 112-page book
on Manzanar, published in 1944, Born Free and Equal. Valuable for studying
the World War II homefront, discrimination, Asian Americans, and photography.
By Popular Demand: Jackie Robinson
and Other Baseball Highlights, 1860s-1960s, American Memory,
Library of Congress
This site presents hundreds of primary materials relating to baseball
in America, including letters, manuscripts, trading cards, lobby cards,
newspaper images, photographs, advertisements, sheet music, and transcripts
of interviews, speeches, and television broadcasts. There are two presentations
of material from the collection, “Baseball, the Color Line, and
Jackie Robinson, 1860s-1960s” and “Early Baseball Pictures.”
The site also includes an annotated bibliography comprised of 82 titles
and a list of six links to related resources. This site provides an
introductory look at Jackie Robinson’s life and the topic of race
in American sports history.
Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers
Project, Stanford University
The site contains approximately 400 digitized speeches, sermons, and
other writings covering the period from 1929 to 1958, as well as 16
chapters of materials published by the Project in 1998 as The Autobiography
of Martin Luther King, Jr. The site also provides an interactive
chronology of King’s life; a 1,000-word biographical essay; 23
audio files of recorded speeches and sermons; 12 articles on King; 32
photographs; and 11 links to other resources. This site is useful for
studying the development of King’s views and discourse on civil
rights, race relations, non-violence, education, peace, the war in Vietnam,
and other political, religious, and philosophical topics.
Central High Crisis: Little
Rock, 1957, Little Rock Newspapers, Inc.
The site includes multiple news articles and editorials from each day
of the month-long crisis and 16 photographs. Historical memory is addressed
by the inclusion of material on the 40th anniversary of the crisis in
1997 including: 13 op-ed pieces, speeches by Arkansas Governor Mike
Huckabee and President Bill Clinton, an interview with President Clinton,
and a 1991 defense by Governor Faubus of his actions. The site also
provides 19 related newspaper articles written since 1997, timelines
of events leading up to the confrontation and ramifications since, and
a “Who’s Who” of participants. This site will be valuable
to students and teachers of the civil rights movement, the South, mid-20th
century politics, and the workings of historical memory.
||Through Our Parent’s Eyes: Tucson’s Diverse
Community, University of Arizona Libraries and Pima Community
This site looks at the Hispanic, Native American, African American, Chinese,
and Jewish heritage of Tucson, Arizona. Essays, family histories, photographs
of traditional culture, oral histories, short biographies, and video clips
make this site useful for research on ethnicity and the history of the