Lesson 3: The Impact of the Jim Crow Era on Education, 1877-1930s


Books & Media

Anderson, James D. The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860.  Chapel Hill:  University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

Foner, Eric and John Garraty, eds.  The Reader’s Companion to American History.  Boston: Houghton and Mifflin Company, 1991.  Entry on segregation by Howard Rabinowitz.

Harlan, Louis R. Separate and Unequal: Public School Campaigns and Racism in the Southern Seaboard States, 1901-1915. Chapel Hill:  University of North Carolina Press, 1958.

Sargent Wood, Linda.  The Laurel Grove School:  Educating the First Generation Born into Freedom.  Unpublished essay, 2006.


The Virginia Historical Society’s exhibit The Civil Rights Movement in Virginia  focus on Beginnings of Black Education

The New York Public Library, NYPL Digital Gallery, Schomburg Center for Research in BlackCulture