Of victory: in laurel branches.
Civic: in oak branches for someone who had saved the life of a citizen.
Of fertility: in stalks of wheat.
In Rome it represented the power of certain magistrates who could
order the beating of a criminal. The judges’ assistants, called
licteurs, did the work with sticks. These fasces became the
symbol of union and accord.
Carrying it was one of the privileges of the nobility. It became a
widely known emblem.
Universal symbol of the omnipresence of God, it also appeared as the
"divine eye" in Masonic ritual. Under the Revolution, it became
the eye of vigilance and watchfulness.