Treaty of Campo-Formio
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Signed 27 October 1797, between France and Austria after Napoleon Bonaparte’s Italian campaign. Following a truce agreed on in March and a preliminary agreement with the Habsburgs signed at Leoben, this treaty went against the Directory’s wishes for gains in Belgium and along the Rhine in exchange for Italy. Leoben gave Belgium to France and recognized the republican governments set up by France in Italy, giving compensation to Austria at Venice’s expense. Bonaparte seized Venice to make the treaty possible. The Directory accepted the treaty to avoid giving a fresh impetus to royalism, which played on French war-weariness. This treaty was little more than an armed truce, though, since Austria was only awaiting a more favorable moment to resume its war against France.