"Toussaint L’Ouverture"

A slave inspired by the French Revolution’s egalitarianism, Toussaint saw himself as French and struggled for French control of the island of Saint Domingue. Nonetheless, he had no intention of letting whites rule, for he wanted blacks to control their own destinies. By 1801 he had conquered the entire island for France and for his fellow slaves. His personal success would not last beyond the next year.

Source: Marcus Rainsford, An Historical Account of the Black Empire of Hayti (London: J. Cundee, 1805), 241.