CHISQUARE SIGNIFICANCE TEST In this table and the next two, asterisks indicate the results of the chisquare significance tests. These significance tests measure the likelihood that the association between the independent and dependent variables is caused by chance. Among statisticians a chisquare of .05 is a conventionally accepted threshold of statistical significance; values less than .05 are commonly referred to as "statistically significant." In practical terms, a chisquare of less than .05 means that if, in fact, there was no association in the population between the independent and dependent variables, the observed association would be expected to occur by chance fewer than 5 times in 100 samples of the type we used. Thus, when the chisquare is less than .05, we can be confident in rejecting the possibility that no association exists between the independent and dependent variables. In this table and the next two, one asterisk (*) indicates a chisquare of less than .05 and two asterisks (**) indicates a chisquare of less than .001.

