Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following institutions for primary sources:

Dr. Chisheng KO

About the Author
Cecily McCaffrey is Assistant Professor of History at Willamette University. Her research interests include East Asian history, Chinese language studies, and Chinese social and cultural history. She has received a Foreign Language and Area Studies Fellowship from the University of California to support her study of the Chinese language and her research into social and cultural history of modern China. Her writings and lectures include "Sects, Violence, and Ethnicity: The Revolt in Rehe, 1891," and “Living through Rebellion: A Local History of the White Lotus Rebellion, 1790-1810.”

About the Lesson Plan Author
Sharon C. Cohen teaches AP World History and IB Theory of Knowledge at Springbrook High School in Montgomery County, Maryland. She regularly presents papers on world history pedagogy at the annual conferences of the World History Association, the American Historical Association, the National Council for Teaching History, and the National Council for the Social Studies, served on the College Board's AP World History Development Committee, contributed articles to the online journal World History Connected, published curriculum units for the College Board and the online model world history project World History For Us All, and co-moderated the Women in Latin America forum on Women in World History with Donna Guy.