Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following institutions for primary sources:

Fine Arts Library, Harvard University

John and Caroline Williams

Michael Greenhalgh

Modern World History Sourcebook,

Women of Sufism by Camille Adams Helminski, © 2003. Reprinted by arrangement with Shambhala Publications, Inc.,

Yale University Press

About the Author
Nancy Stockdale is Assistant Professor of Middle Eastern History at the University of Central Florida. Her recent publications include “Biblical Motherhood: English Women and Empire in Palestine, 1860-1948,” “Murder in the Holy Land: Matilda Creasy and the Mystery of Missionary Death,” and “Writing Empire in Palestine 1800-1939: English Women in the ‘Holy Land.’” She has received numerous fellowships and awards enabling her to pursue research overseas in India, Israel, Turkey, Morocco, and the United Kingdom. Her academic interests include the Modern Middle East, Islamic History, the British Empire, and the History of Religions in Modern Palestine.

About the Lesson Plan Author
Frances Patchett is a Mentor Resource Teacher in the Fairfax County Public Schools in Virginia, where she works extensively training and evaluating beginning teachers. In the past she has worked with the American Council on Education, and worked closely with Fairfax County, teaching AP World History, Sociology, U.S./Virginia History, and Current Affairs. She has advanced degrees in both secondary education and U.S. history.