Puño en alto mujeres de Iberia
Afirmando promesas de vida
¡Que el pasado se hunda en la nada!
Puño en alto mujeres del mundo
Fists upraised, women of Iberia
Affirming the promise of life
Let the past vanish into nothingness!
Fists upraised, women of the world
Extreme gender divisions existed in Spain for the majority of people in the 1920s and 1930s. Women were generally responsible for household chores and childcare while men were the primary breadwinners. Wage discrimination was prevalent in both the countryside and the city. Women’s lives centered around relationships with family, neighbors, and, more rarely, female co-workers. Men, on the other hand, interacted in factories, bars, and organizations. As a result, few unions or other political organizations included women.
In preparation for the revolution and to address the situation of women in the country, however, a network of women activists began to meet. They soon formed the Mujeres Libres (Free Women) organization and created the following anthem that shows how the war affected Spanish women and families.
Source: "Mujeres Libres' Anthem." In Free Women of Spain: Anarchism and the Struggle for the Emancipation of Women, Martha A. Ackelsberg. 1991.