Southeast Asian Politics: Nonfiction, Javanese Education
Kartini, Raden Ajeng. “Give the Javanese Education” In Letters from Kartini: An Indonesian Feminist 1900-1904. Translated by Joost Coté. Melbourne: Monash University, 1992.
Raden Ajeng Kartini is hailed in Indonesia as that country’s first feminist. She was born in April 21, 1879, in North Central Java, the daughter of a Javanese official serving the Dutch colonial government. During this time, women were secluded from the age of 14 until marriage. This did not stop... [more]
Southeast Asian Politics: Song, Philippine Feminist Movement
Sining Lila. Maria. © 2002 by GABRIELA. Compact Disc. Translated by Mina Roces.
This song, entitled Maria and sung in Tagalog (a Philippine language), challenges cultural constructions of women as passive, as sex objects or domestic cooks. “Maria” is used as a generic term for woman. The song identifies heroines such as Lorena Barros, Gabriela Silang, and Tandang... [more]
Southeast Asian Politics: Nonfiction, Philippine Suffrage
Legarda, Trinidad F. “Philippine Women and the Vote” Philippine Magazine, Vol 28, No. 4, (1931), 163-165, 196-200.
This is an essay written by suffragist Trinidad Fernandez Legarda, editor of The Woman’s Outlook and President of the National Federation of Women’s Clubs (NFWC). NFWC led the campaign for suffrage in the Philippines in 1921. The essay presents a summary of the Filipino suffragists’... [more]
Southeast Asian Politics: Court Records, Imelda Marcos
“Theft, Fraud on an Incredible Scale.” The Philippines Free Press, (May, 1990), 10-13.
Unofficial power is difficult to document, yet the martial law years in the Philippines were often described in the media as the “conjugal dictatorship of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos” (1972-1986). This epithet articulates succinctly the perception of the First Lady’s power behind the scenes.... [more]
Southeast Asian Politics: Newspaper, Unofficial Power
Danguilan-Vitug, Marites, and Glenda Gloria, “Past Relationship Impinges on Present Affairs of State,” and “Socialite Seeking Legitimacy.” The Philippine Daily Inquirer, (October 11, 1993), 1, 12, 13; (October 12, 1993), 1, 1
Unofficial power is often exercised in private, far from public view. This newspaper exposé discusses the power (real and perceived) of Rosemarie Arenas, an alleged former mistress of Philippine President Fidel Ramos, during a democratic regime (1992-1998). The basis of Arenas’s power was the fact... [more]
Southeast Asian Politics: Speech, Philippine State of The Nation
Aquino, Corazon. “The State of The Nation Address 1991.”The Name of Democracy and Prayer: Selected Speeches of Corazon Aquino. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing Inc., 1995.
When opposition Senator Benigno (“Ninoy”) Aquino was assassinated in August 1983, Filipinos rallied around the widow Corazon Aquino who symbolized all those who were victimized by the Marcos dictatorship. The housewife with no political experience found herself elected president of the Philippines... [more]
Southeast Asian Politics: Speech, Burmese Democracy
Kyi, Aung San Suu. “Speech to a Mass Rally at the Shwedagon Pagoda.” Freedom from Fear and Other Writings. Edited by Michael Aris. London: Viking, 1991.
This speech, given in 1988 by Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma, marked the beginning of her staunch campaign against the Burmese military regime. Aung San Suu Kyi is the daughter of Burmese nationalist hero Aung San. She spent much of her adult life overseas and married an English academic named Michael... [more]
Southeast Asian Politics: Painting, Philippine First Lady
Bravo, Claudio. Painting of Imelda Marcos. In Pedrosa, Carmen Navarro. The Rise and Fall of Imelda Marcos. Manila: 1987.
Politicians are astute experts on the symbols and meaning of dress as part of self-representation. For women, the politics of dress are highly significant. This painting depicts a powerful woman, Former First Lady Imelda Romualdez Marcos and shows her use of national dress in the Southeast Asian... [more]
Southeast Asian Politics: Photograph, Burmese Activist
Falise, Thierry. Photograph of Aung San Suu Kyi.
This photograph of a powerful woman, Burmese activist Aung San Suu Kyi, shows her use of national dress in a Southeast Asian political context. Aung San Suu Kyi was educated overseas and married to an Englishman. Yet she always wears Burmese national dress complete with a flower in her hair. This... [more]
Southeast Asian Politics: Website, Sisters In Islam
Sisters In Islam (SIS), http://www.sistersinislam.org.my/
The women’s movement has always been inherently global, but by the end of the 20th century there was a new burst of transnational women’s organizing as women used new technologies to network at home and abroad. Women’s movements are studied in the context of globalization, and Southeast Asian... [more]
Filipino Comfort Women: Lila-Pilipina Brochure
Lila-Phlipina Brochure. Philippines: GABRIELA.
Filipino Comfort Women: Photographs of Comfort Women
Photographs. Lila-Phlipina. Philippines: GABRIELA.
Filipino Comfort Women: Piglas Diwa Booklet
Piglas Diwa Booklet. Lila-Phlipina. Philippines: GABRIELA.