Outcault positions Luks as a passive spectator.
Luks, identified by his signature, is separated from the world of Hogan's alley by a pane of glass. He is marked as a spectator.
Luks's alienation from Hogan's Alley is associated with his feminization.

R. F. Outcault, "Opening of the Hogan's Alley Athletic Club," cartoon, 27 Sept. 1896 World ; rpt. Bill Blackbeard and Martin Williams, The Smithsonian Collection of Newspaper Comics (New York: Harry N. Abrams with Smithsonian Institution Press, 1977) 22.