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The Coming of the Europeans

American History, Volume I: Aboriginal America (New York: Sheldon, 1860)


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276 THE COMING OF THE EUROPEANS

is capable of supporting many hundred millions- we know not how many. Under these circum- stances it was as inevitable, and as much in fulfill- ment ment of the designs of divine Providence, that the old races should be supplanted by the new, as that the horse and the cow should displace the alligator and the elk, and brakes and bulrushes yield their native grounds to corn.

And such has been the fact. It has been esti- mated that at the time America was discovered the number of Indians dwelling within the limits of the United States was about sixteen millions. Of the descendants of these sixteen millions only about two millions now remain.

THE DISPLACEMENT OF ONE RACE BY ANOTHER NOT NECES- SARILY ATTENDED WITH SUFFERING.

Nor are we to suppose that such a change as this, by which a lower race is supplanted by a higher one, necessarily implies any violence or wrong on the part of the former against the latter or any special suffering. It is the race and not the individuals that the extirpating process acts upon That is to say, the effect is produced, not by the destruction of individuals already existing; but by a diminution in the numbers born to take the places of those ceasing to exist by natural caused



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