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On the Physical Characters of the Egyptians

Researches into the Physical History of Man (London: Arch, 1813), pp. 376-388


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382

we are told that they described swiftness by the figure of a hawk, abundance by an open hand; an eye represented vigilance and defence. (a)

The constitution of the Hierarchy was the same among the Ethiopians as in Egypt. The dress of the priests, their mode of shaving their bodies, the sceptre representing the plough, which was the distinguishing badge of the sacred order, and several other particulars, are exactly similar to the peculiar customs and distinctions of the Egyptian priests. (b)

The kings of the Ethiopians had the same dress with the Egyptian monarchs. (c) They were chosen by the priests out of their own number and were in all things subject to their authority even more than in Egypt. (d)

The Ethiopians had the same religion as the Egyptians. (e) In Meroe, Jupiter and Osiris were the objects of adoration. (f) The Ethiopians pretended that they were the first institutors of the religious ceremonies which the Egyptians used, and that they first established sacrifices and the pomps which the Greeks called ffartr), e%. (g) And there were some ceremonies

(a) Diodor. lib. 3. (b) ibid. (c) ibid.

(d) Herod. ubi supra. (e) Herod. lib. 3. (f) Died.

(b) Heliodorus mentions that the gymnosophists of Meroe were continually reprobating the cruel sacrifices of human beings which the people were in the habit of per-forming, but without effect. See De Pauw, Recherches sur les Egyptiens et les Chinois, -vol. 2.



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