10 ADAMITES AND PREADAMITES.
been architects, sculptors, painters, mythologists and theologians." Brugsch (in Histoire d' Egypte) has given a chronological canon, in accordance with which the reign of Menes would fall in the years 4455-4395, B. C., and this is in accord with Lepsius. (See also McClintock and Strong's Cyclopedia, and Hardwick's Christ and other Masters, p. 426, etc.) A similar result is obtained from very elaborate investigations respecting the rate of accumulation of Nilotic deposits. The question of Egyptian antiquity has no relevancy in this discussion ; but we deem it a fact of interest that the posterity of Ham, first in the history of the human species, made a record of themselves capable of withstanding the ravages of all time. It is proper also to add that, in spite of English and American incredulity, all the recent archaeological discoveries, whether in Egypt, in Assyria, at Hissarlik, Mycen e or Cyprus, tend to prolong antiquity, and, so far as Egypt is concerned, to strengthen the authority of much suspected and much slighted Manetho. (See,, ,Bayard Taylor's Egypt and Iceland ; Schliemann's Ancient Troy, and Mycence; Di Cesnola's Cyprus; George Smith's Assyrian Excavations.)
This is the whole of the geographical dispersion of the Hamites. The reader. will note particularly that they have not spread over most_ parts of Africa. The Negroes are not regarded by modern ethnologists as the descendants of Ham.
Now let us follow the track of the Semites. From the earliest records, they have inhabited western Asia. Thence they have-taken possession of parts of eastern Africa. They are represented by the Jews, Arabs, Abyssinians and Arammaens. They subjugated the Hamitic Babylonians and Chaldeans at a date earlier than the migration of Abraham from " Ur of the Chaldees." They adopted the Hamitic religion, which, in western Asia, was the worship of God under the names of Baal and Bel. They probably also conquered, and consolidated with themselves, the Phoenician people. They have migrated, to some extent, into eastern and northern-central Africa, and have familiarized the Negroes with a rude Moslem civilization. The facility with which they had intercourse with the Egyptians and affiliated with the primitive Babylonians and Chaldeans evinces their close affinity with the Hamites. The results, also, of linguistic study show