THE NEGRO PREADAMIC. 21
of humanity. Some of the Congo tribes which inhabit the pestilential regions of the west coast of Africa have been degenerated to the last degree. Only the most sluggish natures escape the fatal infection of miasm ; and, hence, only the most brutish survive to perpetuate their race. By a process of natural selection, the law of progress is reversed. The law of progress, I say; for it is a real law of the organic world. Should it be claimed that the white man's Adam had descended from a common stock with the Negro. all nature cries out in assent. But should it be affirmed that the Negro is degenerated from the white man's Adam, every fact in nature shakes its head in denial. The Black man is too numerous. The affirmation would establish a law of retrogression. Progression, I say, is the law. The Black man on the healthful and fertile plateaux of central Africa is not op-pressed by miasm, nor starvation, nor cruel neighbors. He is free to roam where he will—like the Digger Indian of North America, or the driveling Botecuda of Brazil. No, these savages exist in a normal condition ; they are coming up instead of going down. Their Adam was farther from our Adam than they are. Their long thigh bones, and lean shanks, and projecting jaws are inheritances. of a lower, rather than a higher ancestry.
THE NEGRO PREADAMIC,—Continued.
The conclusion that the Black races are preadamic is opposed, so far as I know, only on the three following grounds:
I. The Negroes are supposed to be the descendants of Ham. This has been the traditional opinion of the Church, and hence of mankind at large. I doubt whether the Church would reach the opinion if the question were now first opened in the light of present knowledge. But because the Church and mankind in general have so long held the opinion, cautious conservatism is reluctant to let go its hold. The opinion, really, is not worthy of scientific consideration. I may summarize the objections to it. I, Scripture does not sustain the affirmation, 2. We discover the posterity of Ham in the population of Mizraim (Egypt;) and