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Washington Monument Monograph As Designed by Henry S. Searle, Architect, Washington, D.C.

Washington, D. C.: Gibson Brothers Printers, 1847


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brace the shaft as to make it perfectly safe, as the buttresses of the steps to the first terrace are continued to the face of the shaft, forming two strong buttress walls on each side, 120 feet long and 74 feet high above the ground next to the shaft; in addition to this the covering of each terrace forms a horizontal flange, which has a tendency to still further strengthen the whole work, and the shaft is firmly supported as if in a socket, so that it could only settle perpendicularly, and that but slightly ; still, any possible contingency can be avoided by building the re-enforcement wall, as proposed in the recent report of the Board of Officers of the Engineeer Corps, and a large portion of the expense of it would be utilized, as it would form the foundation for the face wall to the third terrace.
To make use of that portion of the Monument already built it necessitated a design which would have something of the obelisk appearance; but it has been my study to pro-duce a monumental shaft which should be sufficiently original that it could be safely adopted as an American Monument. To enter more into a detail description of the design, commencing at the bottom, the base of the Monument is formed of three unequal pyramidical terraces, the lower one 20 feet high and 40 feet wide on the top; the second. one 24 feet high and 30 feet wide; the third, or upper one, 30 feet high arid z4 feet wide, making the combined height of these terraces 74. feet; the face of each ter-race is to be on a different angle, formed by a line from the under side of the cornice at the top of the shaft, touching the upper corner of the terrace, and extending down to the next level. The length of each front of the lower terrace, in which is included the width of all the terraces doubled, and the width of the base of the shaft, will be about 250 feet,

Above the upper terrace is a casing of four feet in thickness and 40 feet high around the present shaft, to give it another base, and not to start the shaft too abruptly from the terraces. Above this again, at a proper proportioned distance, is a cornice, from which the shaft is divided by



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