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Washington Monument Monograph As Designed by Henry S. Searle, Architect, Washington, D.C.

Washington, D. C.: Gibson Brothers Printers, 1847


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deep groves into what might be termed three pilasters, which extend up to the cornice or capital. This capital, including all its members, is 38 feet high, and has as a member a large flat cove of 17 feet, which is foliated, the originals for the foliage being natural plants of the country. The upper member of this capita] forms a balustrade, from which visitors can have an extended view of the surrounding country. Above this the, shaft finishes to a point, in the form of a pyramid, in overlapping sections, making the the whole height of the Monument, from the ground to the top, 530 feet. The face of the terraces at the base are to be built of buttresses formed of massive blocks of granite, in courses of about four feet high each, the joints cut with V-shaped channels, and the face of the stone left in bold rock-work, the width of the buttresses to be from 12 to 8 feet, the widest for the lower terrace and the narrowest for the upper one, and to be built with the pyramidical angle, as above described; between these heavy buttresses the wall is to be plumb, and a pedestal of granite formed by the difference between the angle of the face and the plumb wall, with the additional projection of about two feet, thus leaving a space between the buttresses which will average 20 feet long and 12 feet high. These spaces, of which there will be a number, are to be filled with a light-colored sandstone, about five feet thick, left in rough rock-work, to be cut at some future time into colossal stone pictures, illustrating the scenes in which Washington took a prominent part, or such other historical events of the past and future of the country as the people may desire.

On the upper terrace facing east, with the granite casing of the lower part of the shaft for a background, and on a suitable pedestal, is to be a colossal statue of Washington, about 22 feet in height. On the west face may be a statue of John Adams, the first Vice-President, or such other statue or group as desired.

On the upper edge of each terrace is a massive cornice, which forms a balustrade four feet high above the covering



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