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Annotated Bibliography

Adas, Michael P. Machines as the Measure of Men: Science, Technology, and Ideologies of Western Dominance . Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989.
Draws on travel accounts in reconstructing European views of other societies in the age of imperialism.

Bentley, Jerry H. Old World Encounters: Cross-Cultural Contacts and Exchanges in Pre-Modern Times . New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Considers numerous travel accounts in studying processes of cross-cultural interaction before 1500 CE.

Bridges, R.C., and P.E.H. Hair, eds.Compassing the Vast Globe of the Earth: Studies in the History of the Hakluyt Society 1846-1996. London: Hakluyt Society, 1996.
Fascinating collection of scholarly essays exploring the legacy of the Hakluyt Society after 150 years.

Campbell, Mary B. The Witness and the Other World: Exotic European Travel Writing, 400-1600 . Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988.
Deals with medieval European travel writers, interpreting them as advance agents of imperialism.

Dunn, Ross E. The Adventures of Ibn Battuta: A Muslim Traveler of the Fourteenth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.
Excellent account of Ibn Battuta’s life and travels throughout much of the eastern hemisphere.

Helms, Mary W. Ulysses’ Sail: An Ethnographic Odyssey of Power, Knowledge, and Geographical Distance. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988.
Fascinating study exploring the cultural and political implications of long-distance travel.

Larner, John. Marco Polo and the Discovery of the World . New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.
Takes recent scholarship into account in studying the experiences of the most famous traveler of medieval Europe.

Marshall, P.J. and Glyndwyr Williams. The Great Map of Mankind: Perceptions of New Worlds in the Age of Enlightenment. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982.
Shows how European travelers contributed to perceptions of African, American, and Asian societies as inferior to their own.

Pagden, Anthony. European Encounters with the New World: From Renaissance to Romanticism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.
Draws on numerous travel accounts in studying European efforts to comprehend American lands and peoples.

Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. London: Routledge, 1992.
Argues that European travel writing about Africa and South America promoted European political and economic expansion.

Said, Edward W. Orientalism. New York: Pantheon Books, 1978.
Powerful, provocative, and influential work attacking European and Euro-American representations of Muslim peoples and societies.

Wriggins, Sally Hovey. Xuanzang: A Buddhist Pilgrim on the Silk Road. Boulder: Westview Press, 1996.
Synthesizes studies on the most famous Chinese Buddhist pilgrim and discusses his experiences in light of other Chinese pilgrims.

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